Wednesday, 17 October 2018


I am a Zanzibari. Mwalimu Julius Nyerere was not – and I don’t think if he ever wanted to be, but every time I am reminded of him, I can’t stop asking myself: What if he were? What if he were a first president of the People’s Republic of Zanzibar, would he ever be, as well, the first president of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar? But a much bigger question: could there be a union at all; and if yes, what would be a position of Zanzibar in it?
Being described as a visionary man and a super genius of his time, there is no doubt that if he were a Zanzibari, this political marriage would have never taken place; and if, in any unknown reasons the union would commence, then from the day one this Zanzibari leader would have been its powerful executive president and my country would have never been a crying baby under the feet of a big brother.
Surely, our Maalim Nyerere of Zanzibar would not accept an offer from his Tanganyikan counterpart to form a fairy-tale bond of their countries because – reading from his many intellectual papers on the value of sovereignty – he was a person who valued his country’s independence and was suspicious on everything he considered dangerous to his power. You could mention a dozen of reasons behind the collapse of the East African Community in 1977, for example, but you will not leave to mention the fear on the position of his Tanzania as a driving force.

4/22/1964-Zanzibar- President Julius Nyerere, (L), of Tanganyika and President Abeid Karume of Zanzibar sign articles of union under which the two countries will become “one sovereign state.” The union is subject to ratification by the Parliaments of both nations. Credit: GettyImages

Therefore, even if his Zanzibar was this tiny island nation, our Maalim Nyerere was a leader who valued and breathed our independence. It would not suit his intelligence to allow even one centimetre move towards dependency of his own nation. Of course, he was speaking for One Big Africaagainst many tiny states, but when his own version of freedom was concerned, he had such a powerful nose to smell colonialism. He could sense even an iota of it and would avoid it right away.
Don’t you remember his support for Biafra independence from Nigeria during 1967 Biafran War? It was just three years since Zanzibar became an integral part of Tanzania, whereas Biafra had been a part of Nigerian federation years back, but he threw his support to Igbos due to his belief in freedom and independence. Freedom!
Definitely, if he was our dear leader of our tiny Indian Ocean state, then Nyerere would never agree to be swallowed by such giant east African state some miles away from our sea shores. He would fear for his freedom – fear to be recolonized by his own neighbour. He once talked about The Second Scramble at his frequent lectures at the University of Dar es Salaam, in which he spoke bitterly against the geopolitical dynamics that was returning to Africa and threatened to make the continent their super dinner on the table.
I am quite sure, if Nyerere was a President of the People’s Republic of Zanzibar and his Tanganyikan counterpart came with the idea of the union, he would make a very strong argument in front of the Zanzibari intellectual community and then published a book, The Second Colonization, showing how the idea was bad for his tiny newly established nation.
But let’s make another assumption. Suppose our Maalim Nyerere of Zanzibar did not have any choice except to accept the ‘offer’ from Tanganyika’s strong man. Being sandwiched between the internal uncertainties and external threats, he would be forced to make a concession – ‘kukata jongoo kwa meno’as we say in Swahili.
He would, therefore, get into the political marriage but as cunning as he was, he would make sure that he does not lose more than what he had already missed. His first measures would have been to oppose any move that made him sacrificing his own powers to his Tanganyikan counterpart. It doesn’t even come close to my mind that he would agree the two-tier system. Never!
He would use all world’s references to show that this type of union had never existed and where it did exist – Ireland Vs Britain – it was nothing but a colonisation in bright day light! He would argue, strongly and academically, that the union could be either federal, confederal or unitary and would want his counterpart to choose one.
Yet another assumption. Under some situations, let’s say again our Maalim Nyerere would have accepted the two-tier union structure. He would only do so, after a very big concession from his counterpart. Using his manoeuvring skills, he would manage to convince everyone that it was necessary that all existing structures of the agreed matters be put under Zanzibar guardianship. It would be simple: Zanzibar, he would argue, was such a small part of the huge structure. Giving powers over the union matters is to guarantee it that it would never be swallowed by the big partner nor was it a means towards recolonization!
Once he got what he needed, our Maalim Nyerere would now go further to promote Zanzibaris’ dominance on each and everything in the new nation. An overhaul operation would immediately commence and in just two to three years, Zanzibar would be what the union is and the Union would be what the Zanzibar is. How he reached there, it would be a subject of many academic researches that would earn many intellectuals their university degrees and professorships for many years to come.
This much is what it would have been, if Nyerere were a Zanzibari.
But he never was.
And it had never been.
By Mohammed Ghasany.

Where is MO Dewji ?

Dont miss this one on 
Mo Dewji Saga:
 Suddenly Magufuli Finds Himself In a Political Crisis so many Journalist in the ground believe there is force with in the government of Tanzania involved in the kidnapping now there is new Saga of government refusing International Investigator to come to the country to investigate this dark force which is kidnapping politicians and popular business man like Mohammed Dewjoi sis distrbing so many people , International community even investor who want to come to the country to invest. Let Pray for teh safety of Mo time will tell and the truth soon will be out.

Police say two white men, probably foreigners, arrived at the hotel in a Toyota Surf, abducted the businessman, fired in the air before they disappeared. To date, there has been no clue from either investigators or relatives on the whereabouts of Mo; who might have carried out the kidnapping and why.
Meanwhile, the unresolved abduction has led to a tussle between the government and the opposition over calls to allow external investigators to join the hunt for the missing businessman. The opposition spokesperson for home affairs Godbless Lema Tuesday asked the government to invite foreign experts to resolve the abduction, accusing the police of not showing any serious resolve to find the businessman and arrest his abductors.
But in a quick response, Home Affairs deputy minister Hamad Masauni declared there was no intention within government to allow foreign investigators as the local police were capable of doing the work.

Latest on Mo Dewji: The Opposition Chadema party give a press briefing in Dar through their shadow minister for interior Godbless Lema and make some interesting suggestions that the ruling CCM may not take kindly to.

Monday, 15 October 2018


Mohammed Dewji reportedly abducted by gunmen as he entered gym in Dar es Salaam Africa’s youngest billionaire and Tanzanian businessman Mohammed Dewji was kidnapped on October 11, 2018, by gunmen in Tanzania’s economic capital Dar es Salaam, officials said.

The family of kidnapped Tanzanian dollar billionaire Mohammed Dewji has said it will give a reward of a billion Tanzanian shillings (Sh44.1 million) for information leading to his rescue,Speaking for the first time since he was abducted at gun point four days ago in the commercial capital, Dar es Salaam, the 43-year-old's uncle, Azim Dewji, told a packed press conference that the family believes the reward will help the police investigation. 

“We [the Dewji family] want to assure anyone with the information about the whereabouts of our son to come forward and we will treat their information as secret,” he added. Mr Dewji, described by Forbes magazine as Africa's youngest and Tanzania's only billionaire, was kidnapped early on Thursday by four masked men outside a swanky hotel gym in the affluent Oysterbay neighbourhood, where he was going for his routine morning workout. Police have arrested 30 people in connection with the incident and it is believed that the abduction was led by two white men. Dewji, 43, who heads the MeTL Group which operates in about 10 countries with interests in agriculture to insurance, transport, logistics, and the food industry, was snatched as he entered the gym of a hotel in the city.


Mohammed received his primary education in Arusha at the Arusha Primary School and finished his secondary education from the International School of Tanganyika (IST) in Dar Es Salam. In 1992 his parents decided to send him to America for his High School years and he was admitted to the Saddle Brooke High School in New Jersey.
It was at High School that Mohammed first started exhibiting signs of leadership by becoming the School President. Being a Tanzanian and holding such position in a foreign land made his family very proud. He was also voted as the Most Accomplished student at the time and it is notable to mention here that his school mate Jeniffer Capriati a very famous U.S tennis player won the same vote in the women’s section.
After finishing his high school studies Mohammed continued with his university education in USA and joined one of the renowned university, Georgetown University in Washington D.C majoring in International Business and Finance and taking Theology as a minor subject.
Georgetown University is famous for its good education. Notable alumni of the University include 42nd U.S President Bill Clinton, Philippines president Gloria Arroyo, Jordan’s King Abdullah and NBA players like Allen Iverson and Patrick Ewing
During his time at Georgetown, Mohammed started to analyze his life. He was trying to balance the Western way of life with his native African way of living. He thought that much more could be done for his countrymen through some very basic changes and way of running things. He started to focus and prioritize what he wanted to gain from his education and experience in America. After Graduation in 1998, Mohammed headed straight back to Tanzania and joined the family business. He became Chief Financial Controller (CFO) at Mohammed Enterprises Tanzania Limited (METL).


Mohammed Dewji was born in Singida, a rural town in central Tanzania on May 8, 1975, where his grandmother and subsequently his father, operated a small trading house.  After pursuing his higher education in the United States, he returned to Tanzania in 1998 to join his family’s trade and transport group.  Although Mohammed began as the CFO, within a few years he had proven that he was the perfect candidate to head the group.  Once in the CEO’s seat, he has taken Mohammed Enterprises Tanzania Limited to unimaginable heights.  Mohammed is single-handedly responsible for increasing MeTL’s revenues from $30 million to over $1.3 billion between 1999 and 2014, and the journey of Africa’s youngest billionaire has only just begun.  Mohammed continues to strive for excellence in the business arena and the footprint of the MeTL conglomerate continues to spread under his leadership.
Currently, the MeTL Group has investments in manufacturing, agriculture, trading, finance, mobile telephony, insurance, real estate, transport and logistics, and food and beverages.  Mohammed has earned a reputation for successfully investing in sectors that entrepreneurs typically shy away from, such as agriculture and textiles.  Such decisions are taken with a view towards investing for profit, job creation and creating social benefits for the country.  The group is conducting business in Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia, and employs over 28,000 people.  MeTL’s operations contribute 3.5% of Tanzania’s GDP.  The average growth rate from $30 million to $1.3 billion is 200% per annum, compared to a GDP growth of 7-9% per annum.
In addition to his many endeavors in the business arena, Mohammed also has demonstrated an exemplary record of contributing to the well-being of the people of his country. The scope of his contributions have covered educational assistance, access to healthcare, improving accessibility to basic needs such as water, agriculture related assistance and sports related assistance. Through his position as a Member of Parliament, Mohammed has consistently strived to improve the quality of life for Tanzanians; however, his efforts haven’t stopped there. He has also made substantial contributions in his personal capacity and through his group of companies. Mohammed has taken a very hands-on approach to his philanthropic efforts. By making time to personally visit donation sites and patients, he has played a key role in encouraging others about the importance of philanthropy.


I returned to Tanzania in 1998 after receiving a degree in International business and Finance from The University of Georgetown in America. After spending a few days in Dar Es Salam I headed towards Singida in hope of seeing a city changed for the better.
After paying my respects to the graves of my great grand father and other ancestors I walked along the road and came across an old man who was filling his water bucket with remarkably yellow coloured water from the ground.It was clear that the water was polluted with dirt and not fit for drinking. When I asked him what he was going to do with this water he replied that this was his daily drinking water for the family. His answer suddenly brought me face to face with the reality of everyday life in an ordinary hardworking man’s life. I could not believe that this man was forced to use this water for drinking. Later when I went with him to his house and met his family I saw many of other drinking buckets filled with the same water and any doubt in my mind was replaced with grief and anger. The old man knew me and my family very well. He told me an educated mind has the power to make a difference. He looked at me and said that one should never forget one’s roots. His parting words to me were to think about becoming the people’s representative in Singida and look for a parliamentary seat in the elections.

Sunday, 14 October 2018


Can former Vice-President Atiku Abubakar beat President Muhammadu Buhari in the 2019 elections? Credit: LSE Africa Summit.

Azigzagging the floor for over a decade, the nomadic former VP is a little closer to winning the Nigerian presidency than ever before Atiku call Buhari a noise maker. in highly-anticipated primaries this weekend, Nigeria’s main opposition party picked Atiku Abubakar to be its presidential candidate. The former vice-president won a resounding victory to become the flag-bearer for the party.

The only contender?

Atiku was a clear front-runner for the PDP’s presidential pick. More so than his competitors, the former VP is well-known in Nigeria, has vast experience in corridors of power, and has a large war chest.Atiku is  the only one of the PDP contenders that could actually defeat Buhari so his win shouldn’t come as too much of a surprise,” says Sola Tayo, Associate Fellow at Chatham House.In many ways, however, the hard work begins now. To begin with, Atiku will have to unify the party. Like the APC in 2015, today’s PDP is made up of a large and motley crew of ambitious individuals and returnees from other parties. These groups are united not so much in their shared vision for the country as in a desire to remove the APC from power.
In the aftermath of the primaries this weekend, the defeated contenders were keen to show their support for Atiku. “All the other aspirants, especially myself, are ready to walk and work with him to spread the positive message of the PDP,” vowed Senate President Saraki. In a show of solidarity, the defeated contestants stood behind Atiku during his acceptance speech. This bodes well for the presidential hopeful, but he will nonetheless have this work cut out balancing alliances and promises to keep enough of this diverse group happy.

Atiku will also have to develop a strong manifesto to appeal to voters. He will be helped in this by widespread frustrations at high levels of unemployment, unreliable power generation and the weak economic performance under Buhari. Atiku has criticised the president’s interventionist economic policies, which he says are “clearly anti-business and anti-foreign investment.” He has expressed support for greater regional autonomy and has called for increased spending on education.

Wednesday, 3 October 2018

Madagascar elections: 36 candidates, 4 (ex-)presidents, and a lot of money

Tension is mounting in Madagascar ahead of elections in November Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world, yet its elections rank among the most expensive.

Madagascar is set to hold presidential elections on 7 November, with a possible run-off on 19 December. Credit: Rod Waddington.
Madagascar is set to hold presidential elections on 7 November, with a possible run-off on 19 December. Credit: Rod Waddington.
Back in 2013, when 33 candidates competed in Madagascar’s presidential elections, it was something of a record for the country. In the run-up to that vote, much discussion centred on the sheer logistics of having so many nominees run for office. How would 33 names fit on the single ballot paper? (It ended up being A3.) Would electoral boards take up entire streets? (They did.) Would voters be able to familiarise themselves with the programmes of so many candidates? (They didn’t.)
In the end, it worked out with Hery Rajaonarimampianina emerging victorious after the second-round. Nonetheless, it was still a slight surprise earlier this year when an even bigger pool of 36 candidates was approved to run in the upcoming 7 November elections, with a possible run-off on 19 December.