Historical Background TOP
1503-1698 Zanzibar under Portuguese rule.
1698-1861 Zanzibar ruled by Omani sultans.
1885 German protectorate over Zanzibar.
1890 UK gained protectorate over Zanzibar, swapping it for Helgoland.
1895 British East African Protectorate formed, incorporating coastal Kenya and Zanzibar.
1920 Coastal Kenya and Zanzibar separated.
1963 Zanzibar gained independence from the British Protectorate (10 December).
1964 Zanzibar revolution.Establishment of union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (26 April).
1972 Assassination of President Karume of Zanzibar.Skeikh Mwinyi Aboud Jumbe became President of Zanzibar.
1977 The mainland TANU party joined with the Zanzibar Afro-Shirazi Party to become the CCM.
1983 Position of Chief Minister of Zanzibar government re-established under Ramadani Baki.
1984 Ali Hassan Mwinyi replaced Jumbe as interim President of Zanzibar for 21 months.
1985 Presidential elections won by Idris Abdul Wakil (CCM); Seif Sharif Hamad (now the leader of the CUF) became Chief Minister. Mwinyi became President of the United Republic of Tanzania.
1988 Seif Sharif Hamad was suspended from the CCM. Omar Ali Juma succeeded him as Chief Minister.
1990 Salmin Amour replaced Wakil as CCM President of Zanzibar.
1992 The establishment of a plural political system recommended by the Presidential Commission.The Zanzibar government joined the IOC.
1993 IOC Membership ruled unconstitutional by the Union Government (August).
1995 Dr Salmin Amour elected as President of Zanzibar in first multiparty elections.Mohamed Gharib Bilali replaced Juma as Chief Minister.
1996 All CUF demonstrations banned.
1999 A peace accord to end the crisis in Zanzibar was brokered by the Commonwealth (June).
2000 The 'treason' trial of 18 Zanzibar opposition members started in the Zanzibar high court (May); released in November after elections.The CCM won the elections on Zanzibar; Amani Karume became President with Shamsi Vuai Nahudha as his Chief Minister (October).
2001 More than 40 people were killed in peaceful political protests on Pemba and Unguja (January).Peace accord signed by CUF and CCM (October).
2002 Independent Commission of inquiry on the January 2001 killings set up (January).
2003 Peaceful by-elections held in disputed Pemba constituencies - all won by CUF (May).